Freight Shipments within the U.S. by Mode: 2012, 2016, and 2045

Billions of Ton Miles
Value of Shipments
Billions of Constant 2012 Dollars
Mode 2012 2016 2045
Truck
12,216
12,579
24,001
Rail
721
837
1,629
Water
431
477
872
Air and truck-air
674
539
3,208
Pipeline
1,325
1,339
1,901
Multiple modesa
2,122
2,230
4,970
Otherb
241
141
484
Total
17,729
18,142
37,064
Weight of Shipments
Millions of Tons
Mode 2012 2016 2045
Truck
10,711
11,619
16,435
Rail
1,828
1,835
2,277
Water
658
740
945
Air and truck-air
7
5
26
Pipeline
3,031
2,904
4,766
Multiple modesa
418
486
800
Otherb
342
97
273
Total
16,996
17,686
25,521
Ton Miles of Shipments
Billions of Ton Miles
Mode 2012 2016 2045
Truck
1,891
2,023
3,282
Rail
1,481
1,427
1,776
Water
323
354
419
Air and truck-air
6
6
21
Pipeline
857
896
1,414
Multiple modesa
339
398
765
Otherb
7
3
16
Total
4,903
5,108
7,692

Notes:

aIncludes mail. bIncludes other, unknown, and imported crude oil with no domestic mode.

Details may not add to totals due to rounding. Includes domestic trade and the domestic portion of imports and exports.

Sources:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 4.4.1, available at https://www.bts.gov/.

Last Updated: July 2018