Freight Shipments within the U.S. by Mode: 2012, 2017, and 2045

Value of Shipments
Billions of Constant 2012 Dollars
Mode 2012 2017 2045
Truck
12,216
12,648
24,001
Rail
721
765
1,629
Water
431
507
872
Air and truck-air
674
568
3,208
Pipeline
1,325
1,432
1,901
Multiple modesa
2,122
2,200
4,970
Otherb
241
226
484
Total
17,729
18,347
37,064
Weight of Shipments
Millions of Tons
Mode 2012 2017 2045
Truck
10,700
11,520
16,415
Rail
1,797
1,738
2,250
Water
658
766
942
Air and truck-air
7
6
26
Pipeline
3,031
3,050
4,766
Multiple modesa
418
496
800
Otherb
342
248
273
Total
16,952
17,824
25,472
Ton Miles of Shipments
Billions of Ton Miles
Mode 2012 2017 2045
Truck
1,886
2,023
3,274
Rail
1,461
1,409
1,760
Water
323
351
418
Air and truck-air
6
7
21
Pipeline
857
882
1,414
Multiple modesa
339
407
765
Otherb
7
4
16
Total
4,879
5,083
7,668

Notes:

aIncludes mail. bIncludes other, unknown, and imported crude oil with no domestic mode.

Details may not add to totals due to rounding. Includes domestic trade and the domestic portion of imports and exports.

Sources:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 4.5, available at https://www.bts.gov/faf.

Last Updated: March 2019