Transportation Injuries by Mode

Mode 2009 2018 2019
Air
304
270
259
U.S. air carrier
26
26
18
Commuter carrier
1
0
0
On-demand air taxi
4
17
14
General aviation
273
227
227
Highway a
2,224,000
2,710,000
2,740,000
Passenger car occupants a
1,219,000
1,511,000
1,498,000
Motorcyclists a
89,000
82,000
84,000
Light-truck occupants a
762,000
921,000
950,000
Heavy-truck occupants a
16,000
39,000
46,000
Bus occupants a
13,000
15,000
15,000
Pedestrians a
59,000
75,000
76,000
Pedalcyclists a
51,000
47,000
49,000
Other a
14,000
20,000
23,000
Pipeline
64
79
36
Rail
8,023
8,299
7,944
Train Accidents
127
205
57
Highway-rail grade crossing b
743
846
826
Trespassers
344
489
531
Other
6,809
6,759
6,530
Transit c
26,289
22,833
23,325
Water
3,943
3,004
2,989
Freight vessel and Industrial/Other
386
279
245
Passenger vessel and Recreational boating
3,557
2,725
2,744

Notes:

a2018 and 2019 Crash Reporting Sampling System (CRSS) estimates for injuries are not comparable with 2009 and earlier NASS GES estimates because of different sampling designs. bExcludes injuries involving motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings, which are assumed to be counted under Highway categories. cIncludes transit employee, contract worker, passenger, people waiting or leaving (revenue facility occupant), and other injuries for all modes reported to the National Transit Database. Excludes commuter rail (reporting under FRA jurisdiction). Other transit injuries are assumed to be counted under Highway or Rail categories.

Highway numbers are estimates rather than actual counts. The estimates are calculated from data obtained from a nationally representative sample of crashes. NHTSA redesigned the nationally representative sample of police-reported traffic crashes, which estimates the number of police-reported injury and property-damage-only crashes in the US. The new system, CRSS, replaced the NASS GES in 2016 and has a different sample design. Thus, the 2018 and 2019 persons injured estimates are not comparable to earlier estimates.

Sources:

As cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 2-2, available at https://www.bts.gov/nts.

Last Updated: February 2021